I just did my first oil change an I used Castrol conventional 10W-40 and it seems to be running smoother than whatever was in it factory. I pushed the initial change a little too far I think, about 1,000 miles. The color of the oil was sure a heck of a lot better then what my roommate took out of his 08 Sportster-Nighster. I am pretty sure he maybe has changed the oil once since he bought it. Riding temps vary from 35-105 F.